Matthew 1-2 Chapter Study
A good argument could be made that what we are about to read are in fact, the most read words in all the world and all history.
The Bible is far and away the biggest seller of all time, and more NT’s are printed than entire Bibles.
When people pick up the Bible, the first place they often go to is the beginning – so Matthew 1 is the passage they inevitably turn to.
that may explain why some people, u
But there’s a really good reason for this list of names.
Matthew wrote his gospel to a Jewish audience.
This is why he refers to the Kingdom 32 times, far more than any other gospel writer.
He also uses the phrase, “that it might be fulfilled which was written by the prophets” or something similar, 23 times.
Matthew was an interesting character and an unusual choice to be one of Jesus’ disciples.
His career began as a tax-collector for the Romans.
In ch. 9 we read that he was sitting in his tax booth when Jesus came by and issued a simple invitation to follow Him.
One of the burdens those conquered by the Romans had to endure was to pay the Empire taxes.
These taxes were levied on all kinds of things; from foods & supplies to travel.
Matthew sat in a tax-booth, meaning he assessed taxes on those who passed by, probably the merchants who carried goods along the road his booth was located on.
Romans bid out the job of collecting taxes to the locals who would compete for
the job because while it may have been a despised
Romans would estimate the amount of taxes a given collector ought to get from
No one knew what this rate was but the Romans and their tax-collectors, so the collectors would add on an extra fee for their own purse.
Being a tax-collector meant keeping careful records as well, so Matthew would have been a skilled scribe – a talent that would serve well as a writer of one of the Gospels.
Besides the story of his call by Jesus in ch. 9, Matthew is mentioned only in passing in the Gospels. His name is given in the list of the 12 disciples, but that’s about all that is said of him.
Tradition says that after the
Resurrection he spent 12 years in the
They hold this view because of the many similarities between both Matthew & Mark; sometimes whole sections are repeated word for word and it appears that one copied from the other, or that both copied from a prior source.
Since Mark is the shorter version, it’s assumed that his gospel came first and then Matthew embellished on it a bit.
This view is a classic example of a modern filter & bias being applied to the ancient world. And it neglects the historical context of the gospels themselves.
In the Book of Acts we read
about the habit and pattern of the early Church; the believers met in the
temple to hear the A
did not have NT’s and no written account of the life of Jesus; what they had
was a growing oral tradition; the A
This is the way education took place in the world of that time – oral tradition & memorization.
It wasn’t long before the
whole life of Christ had been formalized in a set oral story taught by the A
as the A
who wasn’t an A
Even Luke, who came along a bit later, used the accepted oral tradition as the basic foundation for his gospel.
These three gospels, Matthew, Mark, and Luke, are referred to as the synoptic gospels, because they are a basic, chronological overview or synopsis of the life & teaching of Christ.
John’s gospel is different. John wrote after the previous 3 were already in circulation.
whole goal was to fill in im
As we begin, keep in mind that Matthew wrote this to a Jewish audience with the intent of proving Jesus was their Messiah & King.
1The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the Son of David, the Son of Abraham:
Matthew is going to give the generation by generation genealogy of Jesus, but he sums it all up by condensing it down to His two main Jewish ancestors; Abraham and David.
Abraham secures Jesus’ racial claim as a Jew.
David secures His regal claim to the throne.
2Abraham begot Isaac, Isaac begot Jacob, and Jacob begot Judah and his brothers.
When Jacob was on his deathbed, he’d prophesied that the royal line would flow from Judah, not one of the other 11 brothers.
3Judah begot Perez and Zerah by Tamar, Perez begot Hezron, and Hezron begot Ram.
Now, we need to stop right there because Matthew names someone here who would have caused his Jewish readers to say, “What?”
He mentions a woman, Tamar!
were not included in genealogies
because they weren’t considered im
No – let me restate that; women were not included in genealogies because for the most part they were despised!!
Jewish men of that era would regularly pray a prayer that went like this: “Lord, I thank you I was not born a Gentile, a dog, or a woman.”
So an official record like a genealogy would never include women because it would be seen as degrading to one’s dignity.
Why then, did Matthew include a woman in the genealogy of Jesus, and all the more, why did he include a woman if his aim was to prove and validate His claim as Messiah-King?
Simple – he didn’t include a woman; he includes FOUR women!!!!!!
And take a careful look at the four he names:
V. 3 = Tamar
V. 5 = Rahab & Ruth
V. 6 = “her who had been the wife of Uriah” = Bathsheba
These ladies weren’t exactly the cream of the crop, if you know what I mean.
They had dubious reputations and there’s a good chance they were all Gentiles to boot.
certainly was. Rahab was a Canaanite. Ruth was from
So, why would Matthew put these women in Jesus’ genealogy?
while Jesus had come as the Messiah-King to inaugurate the
Jewish concept of the
were looking for a glorious &
came to inaugurate a spiritual kingdom of love and grace where the focus would
not be on the rich &
Matthew knew that well because He’d experienced the Kingdom first hand by following Jesus for 3 years.
You see, before he was known as Matthew, he was called Levi, a despised tax-collector.
He was a traitorous, turn-coat Jew who worked for the hated Romans.
He was an outcast from Jewish social life who hung out with the other social misfits & exiles; the publicans, sinners, and prostitutes.
He was sitting at his tax-booth one day when Jesus came by and issued a simple invitation, “Come and follow me.”
Levi set down his quill, took up his coat, turned his back on his ill-gotten gains & lecherous lifestyle & from that day on was a faithful follower of the King of kings.
Whenever I read the stories of Jesus and see the outcast and disenfranchised drawn to Him like a moth to a flame, I’m struck by the seeming paradox that the Holy Lord of Righteousness would be so attractive to such rank sinners.
And how can the very ones who appear to have it all together, the religious leaders, the men who have all their theological ducks in a row and who have all the outer trappings of holiness; how can they be so angry and hostile toward Him, as though He presented some kind of threat to them – like their program was endangered by His presence?
To be sure, it wasn’t that all sinners were drawn to Jesus, nor that all the religious leaders rejected Him. Nicodemus and Joseph of Arimethia were notable exceptions.
But those sinners who acknowledged their sin as sin and saw how it was destroying them, these saw in Jesus hope for help and came to Him.
They knew He was pure, but that purity didn’t threaten or repel them – it gave them hope of change; real change.
And coupled to Jesus’ purity was a profound love and acceptance that moved them to want to change and to believe that with His help, they could change.
When did Jesus issue the invitation to Matthew – after he’d set down his quill & left his tax booth or while he sat in the middle of it?
Jesus invites us to follow Him in the middle of where we’re at.
But Jesus doesn’t say, “Clean up your life then follow Me.”
He says, “Follow Me, and as you do, we’ll clean up your life together.”
That love and acceptance had totally transformed Matthew’s life.
And he’d seen it transform many other people’s lives as well, including a lot of women, and such women the dignified & self-respecting people of the day would have nothing to do with.
So when Matthew gives Jesus’ genealogy, he includes the name of 4 Gentile women of dubious reputation to let his readers know the kind of Kingdom Jesus came to rule over; it’s one of love and grace which turns sinners into saints.
4Ram begot Amminadab,
Amminadab begot Nahshon,
and Nahshon begot Salmon.
5Salmon begot Boaz by Rahab,
Boaz begot Obed by Ruth,
Obed begot Jesse, (14)
6and Jesse begot David the king.
David the king begot Solomon by her who had been the wife of Uriah.
7Solomon begot Rehoboam,
Rehoboam begot Abijah,
and Abijah begot Asa.
8Asa begot Jehoshaphat,
Jehoshaphat begot Joram,
and Joram begot Uzziah.
9Uzziah begot Jotham,
Jotham begot Ahaz,
and Ahaz begot Hezekiah.
10Hezekiah begot Manasseh,
Manasseh begot Amon,
and Amon begot Josiah. (14)
11Josiah begot Jeconiah and his brothers about
the time they were carried away to
12And after they were brought to Babylon, Jeconiah begot Shealtiel,
and Shealtiel begot Zerubbabel.
13Zerubbabel begot Abiud,
Abiud begot Eliakim,
and Eliakim begot Azor.
14Azor begot Zadok,
Zadok begot Achim,
and Achim begot Eliud.
15Eliud begot Eleazar,
Eleazar begot Matthan,
and Matthan begot Jacob. (12 – Jesus makes the 13th generation)
16And Jacob begot Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus who is called Christ.
17So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations, from David until the captivity in Babylon are fourteen generations, and from the captivity in Babylon until the Christ are fourteen generations.
42 generations from Abraham to Jesus!
When we were in
society is divided up into different castes; different social & economic
levels that are reinforced by Hinduism, the main religion of
The top most caste is the priest caste, known as the Brahmins.
This Brahmin priest was
In the drawer in his room he found a Hindu holy book, called a Gita, a Quran, and a NT Bible.
He’d never read a Bible before and was curious so he opened it to the first chapter of Matthew and began to read. He was blown away by these first 17 verses.
He reasoned; here is a man who can count his genealogy back for 42 generations!
must be a VERY im
I am a Brahmin, and I can only count my ancestors back to 3 generations; my father, grand-father and great-grandfather.
I don’t know anyone, I have never even heard of anyone who knows their ancestry back more than a few generations.
Jesus of the Christians must be a very im
So, armed with this
conviction, he read the rest of Matthew as quickly as
This became like fuel on the fire of his curiosity, so he read through the other 3 gospels as well, and when he finished John, he gave himself to Christ.
Then he devoured the rest of the NT as quickly as He could and began his search for a healthy Christian fellowship to attend.
So – even the genealogies of
the Bible prove im
18 Now the birth of Jesus Christ was as follows: After His mother Mary was betrothed to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Spirit.
Matthew gives a brief summary of the circumstances surrounding the birth of the Messiah.
By the way – “Jesus Christ” is not His first & last name.
Jesus was his name; actually ‘Yeshua’ or as we translate it in English ‘Joshua’ which was a common name for that time; equivalent to our John.
Christ is the Greek translation of the Hebrew ‘Mesiach’ which we transliterate as ‘Messiah.’
This is a title, not Jesus’ last name.
Actually, people of that time were referred to either by their father’s name or by their city of origin.
So Jesus could have been called Jesus ben Joseph, but since Joseph was not His father, He was called Jesus of Nazareth.
Mary would have been between
12 & 14 at this
Her marriage to Joseph which had likely been arranged years before by her parents has entered its final stage of preparation known as betrothal, which lasted one year.
We know that their ancestral
The reason they were there was probably because that’s where the work was.
see, the Romans had set about building a brand new massive regional center
called Sepphoris just a few miles
Many laborers were needed in the project and since Joseph was a construction worker, he went were the work and wages were – that would be Sepphoris.
Tradition says that Joseph
was a carpenter, but recent
discoveries have discovered that the word used in Matthew 13:55, describing
Joseph as a carpenter is better
understood as referring to a builder
or craftsman, and may
Anyone touring the ruins of Sepphoris today will tell you that there would have been a far greater need for masons than carpenters there.
It became a common slight on Jesus’ reputation, even during His own lifetime, to question His parentage.
see Jesus’ op
Ancient Jewish records from that time show that it was the common rumor that Jesus’ father was a Roman soldier who’d forced himself on Mary.
Matthew was concerned to make it clear that the Holy Spirit was the agent of Mary’s pregnancy.
19 Then Joseph her husband, being a just man, and not wanting to make her a public example, was minded to put her away secretly.
Since we covered this in depth on Sunday, I’ll not comment further but leave to you to get a copy of the message if you missed it.
20 But while he thought about these things, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Joseph, son of David, -
Notice here how the angel identifies Joseph – he is the son of David – he is in the prophetic and royal line leading to the Messiah.
This was part of Joseph’s very concern and reason why he felt he had to put Mary away and distance Himself form this child she would bear.
He could not be connected to it because he was in the royal line and Mary’s child was not his.
. . . do not be afraid to take to you Mary your wife, for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit. 21 And she will bring forth a Son, and you shall call His name Jesus, for He will save His people from their sins.”
The name Jesus, Joshua, Yeshua, means “Yahweh is salvation.”
22 So all this was done that it might be
fulfilled which was s
Here is one of the many times Matthew identifies some part of the story of Jesus as being a fulfillment of the prophetic voice and testimony to the coming Messiah.
Matthew is quoting Isaiah 7:14 here.
Though the angel had told Joseph to name the child ‘Jesus’, Matthew says He will be called Immanuel – God with us.
Matthew is condensing the whole story of Christ down to this simple truth; that while Jesus was a real man – a child born of a woman by a miraculous virgin birth, this Child was at the same time, nothing less than God incarnate.
24 Then Joseph, being aroused from sleep, did as the angel of the Lord commanded him and took to him his wife, 25 and did not know her till she had brought forth her firstborn Son. And he called His name Jesus.
Matthew greatly summarizes
the rest of the nativity story and simply says that Joseph followed through on
the betrothal, married Mary, but withheld normal ma
Joseph’s giving a name to Mary’s Son was a way of saying that he accepted the Child into his home and family.
By the way, the clear inference to what Matthew says in v. 25 is that after Jesus was born, Joseph and Mary engaged in normal physical intimacy as husband and wife.
If Matthew had intended to say that Mary perpetually remained a virgin, he would have said that Joseph and she did NOT have such relations; on the contrary, he said they were not intimate “till” after Jesus’ birth.
1 Now after Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of Herod the king, behold, wise men from the East came to Jerusalem, 2 saying, “Where is He who has been born King of the Jews? For we have seen His star in the East and have come to worship Him.”
Matthew mentions a key player in the story of Jesus’ early days – Herod the Great.
was a megalomaniac of epic pro
extensive and elaborate building projects became known all across the
Joseph & Mary had
returned to their ancestral home of
tells us that something remarkable took place in
The word used here for wise men is a Persian word – Magi, and refers to what we would call “astronomers.”
men had been looking into the sky in their native
they researched it, they discovered that the sign was a
they came to
Exactly what the Magi had
drawn their insights from is not known, but many Bible scholars believe that
the prophet Daniel may have left such a record for the astronomers of
the Magi reached
reasonably concluded that the priests of
3 When Herod the king heard this, he was
troubled, and all
What troubled Herod was the comment of the Magi that they’d come seeking the One who had been born - King of the Jews.
History tells us Herod was totally paranoid as it related to the throne – and, really, he had every reason to be.
You see, he’d stolen it from several of those who ought to have had it.
He’d even resorted to murder to get and keep it.
And he’d not been born to it – He’d bought it from the Romans.
by his great paranoia and cruelty, he murdered a good
His great fear all along was that someone from the royal dynasty of David would rise up, rally the Jews, and rebel against him.
the news of the Magi was terribly disturbing to him; and when Herod was upset,
so was the rest of
a true story about Stalin that is a measure of his cruelty; one night in
Stalin was annoyed and sent out one of the palace guards to shoot the dog and it’s owner!
That’s the kind of guy Herod was, only worse!
Herod knew no one would mourn his passing when he died, so he gave the order that when he died, the palace guard was to go out and slay a couple dozen of Jerusalem’s most beloved citizens so there would be mourning at his passing!
Fortunately the order was never followed through on.
this gives you an idea of why when Herod was troubled, all of
4 And when he had gathered all the chief priests and scribes of the people together, he inquired of them where the Christ was to be born. 5 So they said to him, “In Bethlehem of Judea, for thus it is written by the prophet: 6 ‘But you, Bethlehem, in the land of Judah, Are not the least among the rulers of Judah; For out of you shall come a Ruler Who will shepherd My people Israel.’ ”
Interesting isn’t it, that the religious leaders and scholars could quote chapter and verse of the prophecies in Micah 5:2, regarding where the Messiah was to be born – but they showed no interest in seeking Him themselves.
This is not unlike some Bible
students today who can parse the Greek of the original text, develop a neat
systematic theology, and outline the text with skill, but fail to see how it
They have lost The Word of God in the words of the Bible.
7 Then Herod, when he had secretly called
the wise men, determined from them what time the star appeared. 8 And
he sent them to
Herod had no desire to worship Jesus; this Child was a threat to his rule, a competitor to be squashed just as Herod had ruthlessly squashed so many previous upstarts.
He called for the Magi secretly because he was paranoid there might be yet another palace conspiracy going on that would try to use the Magi to their own ends.
9 When they heard the king, they departed; and behold, the star which they had seen in the East went before them, till it came and stood over where the young Child was. 10 When they saw the star, they rejoiced with exceedingly great joy.
Matthew’s record here seems
to indicate that the sign which had originally appeared to them when they were
once they leave
11 And when they had come into the house, . . .
Note that – they had come in to the what? The house!
You see, Mary, Joseph and the infant Jesus are no longer in the stable.
crowds that had filled
11 And when they had come into the house, they saw the young Child with Mary His mother, and fell down and worshiped Him. And when they had opened their treasures, they presented gifts to Him: gold, frankincense, and myrrh.
Because 3 gifts are mentioned, this has led to the tradition that there were 3 magi, but that’s actually never said.
The words “when they had opened their treasures” implies there were more than 3.
Chief among the gifts given to Jesus were gold, a gift befitting a king; frankincense, a gift appropriate for a priest, and myrrh, a costly embalming spice.
These gifts, were treasures, each of them being of considerable economic value.
But they were also gifts appropriate to who the Magi understood this King of the Jews to be.
Have you ever had to buy someone a gift and you have a hard time deciding what to give?
When you give a gift, you want it to be appropriate to the person it’s going to.
the Magi had prepared to make the long journey to
The prophecies helped them decide.
A king gets gold; a priest gets incense, and a prophet, well, he gets myrrh because prophets are usually martyred for their message.
I’ve often wondered how Mary and Joseph handled this visit by the Magi and their reaction on seeing the Child – they fell down and worshipped, and then placed lavish riches at their feet.
12 Then, being divinely warned in a dream that
they should not return to Herod, they departed for their own country another
way. 13 Now when they had departed, behold, an angel of the Lord
appeared to Joseph in a dream, saying, “Arise, take the young Child and His
mother, flee to
Matthew quotes this as a fulfillment of Hosea 11:1.
Remember that Herod is
When he realizes they’ve left without telling him – he’ll be mightily ticked.
So once more Joseph has a special dream in which he’s warned he needs to flee.
awakes, packs up his wife and her child, and they boogie down to
16 Then Herod, when he saw that he was deceived by the wise men,
“Deceived” is not really the best translation here; the word means tricked, and Matthew means this from Herod’s perspective, not the motive of the Magi.
They were only obeying God in not going to Herod.
But from Herod’s paranoid view, they’d tricked him and so were part of the conspiracy to steal his throne.
Then Herod, when he saw that he was deceived by the wise men, was exceedingly angry; and he sent forth and put to death all the male children who were in Bethlehem and in all its districts, from two years old and under, according to the time which he had determined from the wise men.
In v. 7 we read that Herod had inquired of the Magi when they had originally seen the star.
First of all, the Magi would have seen the star, and then verified it’s sighting over several nights. This would be followed by a deep investigation into their records to determine what it meant, if anything.
once they discovered it’s significance as marker of an im
at the pace they would in those days, this means their journey, from start to
Herod sent out his troops with the command to slay every boy they could find in
was fulfilled what was s
This is a quote from Jeremiah
31:5, in which the prophet speaks of the lament of the mothers of
What was foreshadowed in that tragedy finds it’s ultimate fulfillment in Herod’s slaughter of the innocents.
What makes Herod’s act all the more heinous was that he knew he was seeking to kill the Messiah!
19 Now when Herod was dead, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared in a dream to Joseph in Egypt, 20 saying, “Arise, take the young Child and His mother, and go to the land of Israel, for those who sought the young Child’s life are dead.”
Once the threat to Jesus was
removed by Herod’s death it was safe to return to
In Antiquities of the Jews, Josephus says that Herod died of, “ulcerated entrails, putrefied and maggot-filled organs, constant convulsions,” and a breath so foul no one could share the same room with him.
Each time Joseph received direction from God, it came in the form of an angel who appeared to him in a dream.
I spent some time trying to figure out what the significance of that was, and came up with – nothing!
Really, why Joseph’s revelations came in the form of a dream when others had direct visions from God probably has some great meaning, but it’s beyond my meager interpretive ability to glean what it is.
21 Then he arose, took the young Child and His
mother, and came into the
As soon as the little family
arrived back in
Only time would tell if he was cut form the same cloth or came from a different mold from his father.
the Lord gave them clear directions, again through a dream, that they were to
return to the region of
returned to their digs in
Matthew says this was in fulfillment of what the prophets had said about the Messiah, that he would be called a Nazarene.
In Isaiah 11:1 we read a very clear messianic prophecy –
There shall come forth a Rod from the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots.
The word ‘rod’ is the Hebrew word ‘natsar’ (naw-tsar) and means sprout or shoot.
was this ‘natsar’ prophesied by Isaiah, and doubly so because not only was He
from the line of Jesse, David’s father, but He grew up in
He was the Nat-sar-ene from Nat-sar-eth.
In John 1:46, when Philip was trying to convince his friend Nathaniel that they’d found the Messiah, he told him his name was Jesus of Nazareth.
reply was an incredulous, “Can anything good come out of
Matthew turns that whole idea
of the lowliness of the city of
And He will be known as Jesus
The Sovereign King of the Universe who humbled Himself and made Himself of no reputation so that He could identify with the smallest, the weakest, and most underprivileged member of this world.
The entire early life of Christ is one seeming paradox after another.
Here He is, God incarnate, and when He comes in to the world He made, He enters through the womb of a Jewish peasant girl.
His first crib is a feeding trough, His first blankets, whatever rags His foster father was able to scrape together at the last minute.
He is in fact the ruler of heaven, while still an infant He has to flee to
He grows up, not in the cosmo
This is not the route to the
throne we would chart – but it’s the route Jesus took, because His Kingdom is
not about force and domination, intimidation and physical
He rules in righteousness and love.
His kingdom seeks to lift up the weak and downtrodden, to give sight to the blind and to set those bound by sin -- free.
Jesus – the sweetest name
the name of Jesus lessened by the
We are not much in and of ourselves – as Mike Rozell says, really, we are just a hunk of clay, and handful of dust.
But this clay has been animated and given life by God, and Jesus has put his name on us!
 This denies the Roman Catholic dogma of the perpetual virginity of Mary. This is an unbiblical, doctrine, which did not appear earlier than the fifth century after Jesus. It should be placed with the dogmas of Mary’s Immaculate Conception, assumption into heaven, and present role as a mediator for believers. Each one of these is man’s invention, meant to exalt Mary in an unbiblical manner. [Guzik]